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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 50-52

The real-world experience with nivolumab in previously treated patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer from a cancer center in India

Department of Medical Oncology, Max-Super Speciality Hospital Shalimarbagh, Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Waseem Abbas
Department of Medical Oncology, Max-Super Speciality Hospital Shalimarbagh, Delhi
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/sajc.sajc_111_19

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Background: PDL-1 inhibitors have emerged as the new standard of care for second line treatment of NSCLC. Methods: Eligible patients included, histologically proven NSCLC, ECOG (Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group) performance status of 0, 1 or 2, age 18 years and above, availability of pre-treatment tumor specimen, adequate end organ function, at least one prior platinum-based therapy. Patients who received a minimum of 6 doses of nivolumab were eligible. Results: Eleven previously treated patients with chemotherapy, started on nivolumab from April of 2016 to December of 2018, were retrospectively studied and analysed. The median age of patients was 58 years. Eight (72.73%) of the eleven patients were male. Seven (63.64%) of the patients were current or former smokers. Majority of patients had non-squamous histology; seven (63.64%) adenocarcinoma and four (36.36%) squamous cell carcinoma. 5 (45.46%) of the patients received one prior therapy, three (27.27%) received two prior therapies, and three (27.27%) received three prior therapies. Four (36.36%) of the patients had brain metastasis. Two (18.18%) of the patients were more than 70 years of age. Median number of cycles of nivolumab administered were 10 (range, 6 to 21). At the time of analysis, the median PFS was 8 months (95% CI, 1.52-14.47) and median OS was 15 months (95% CI, 6.9-23.09). Treatment was well tolerated and generally side effects were grade 1 and grade 2, except two patients who develop grade 3/4 pneumonitis. Conclusions: This is a real-world study of eleven previously treated patients with chemotherapy, started on Nivolumab from April of 2016 to December of 2018. Although, our sample size was small, our data supports the use of nivolumab as a new treatment option for patients of stage 4 NSCLC.

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