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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 241-243

Clinico-epidemiological features and response in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia at regional cancer center of Northeast India

1 Department of Medical Oncology, Dr. B Borooah Cancer Institute, Guwahati, Assam, India
2 Department of Pathology, Dr. B Borooah Cancer Institute, Guwahati, Assam, India

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Bhargab Jyoti Saikia
Department of Medical Oncology, Dr. B Borooah Cancer Institute, Guwahati, Assam
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/sajc.sajc_249_19

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Introduction: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) comprises 19.3% of all childhood cancers in Northeast India. Methods: We analyzed clinicoepidemiological features and early response to the treatment of all the cases of childhood ALL (age <15 years) diagnosed and treated at Dr. B Borooah Cancer Institute over 1 year. Results: Of 52 eligible cases, 69% were male (male:female ratio of 2.2:1) and the mean age was 7.1 years. Thirty-three children (63%) had baseline white blood cell count ≥20 × 109/L. Precursor B-cell was most the common subtype seen in 61% of children. Seven cases (14%) had high-risk (HR) cytogenetics, with t (9,22) being the most common one. Male sex and HR cytogenetics were significantly associated with poor early responses. Conclusion: ALL is a common childhood malignancy with high cure rates. However, poor socioeconomic status and the presence of higher proportions of disease-related factors lead to poor outcome in this part of the country.

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