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ORIGINAL ARTICLE: GENITOURINARY & GYNAECOLOGICAL CANCER
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 34-36

Geographical distribution of cervical cancer in Odisha: A 5-year retrospective study at a regional cancer center


1 Department of Medical Physics, Acharya Harihar Regional Cancer Centre, Cuttack, Odisha, India
2 Department of Radiation Oncology, Acharya Harihar Regional Cancer Centre, Cuttack, Odisha, India
3 Department of Gynaecologic Oncology, Acharya Harihar Regional Cancer Centre, Cuttack, Odisha, India
4 Department of Pathology, Acharya Harihar Regional Cancer Centre, Cuttack, Odisha, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Pradeep Kumar Hota
Department of Medical Physics, Acharya Harihar Regional Cancer Centre, Cuttack, Odisha
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/sajc.sajc_174_17

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Background: Cancer cervix and breast are the two major female health problems in India. A hospital-based, 5-year (2010–2014) retrospective study was conducted at a regional cancer center of Odisha to analyze the present burden of cancer cervix in this state, which has a population of more than 45.5 million at present. Materials and Methods: All the patients suffering from cancer cervix that was treated by radiotherapy during 2010–2014 at this center were analyzed year wise for age, stage of disease, and native area. Results: Based on the Census 2011 data, it was calculated and found that from the low-literacy area on an average of 4.62 cervical cancer patients per million, from the medium-literacy area 6.56 patients per million, and from high-literacy area 19.11 patients per million of population have received radiotherapy in this hospital. More than 60% of patients with cervical cancer were from stage IIIB and in the age group of 50–55 years. Discussion: Odisha has 83.7% female population in rural areas with literacy rate below 50%. Due to lack of awareness and unavailability of cancer care facilities at their reach, they mainly depend on various alternative medicines in unscientific manner for their health care. Conclusion: Strengthening of existing regional cancer center, development of oncology wings in all medical college hospitals by providing basic radiotherapy facilities, emphasizing more on district cancer control programs, decentralizing of NGO schemes, and facilitating with more cancer screening and awareness programs may help better registration, prevention, and treatment of cancer in Odisha.


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