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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 183-185

Epidemiology of cancer in young in central India: An analysis of rural cancer hospital data

Department of Medical Oncology, Sri Aurobindo Medical College and P. G. Institute, Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Novak Gupta
Department of Medical Oncology, Sri Aurobindo Medical College and P. G. Institute, Indore, Madhya Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/sajc.sajc_132_17

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Background: Cancers in teenage and young adults (TYAs), though an increasing cause of mortality in our country, have been scarcely studied. The lack of studies of TYAs can significantly affect the outcomes of the youth in the prime of their lives. Aims: The aim of this study was to study the type of cancers in the TYA at a rural cancer center in central India. Design and Methods: A prospective study in the department of medical oncology, from the period of January 2013 till March 2016, was done. Data regarding socioepidemiological factors were collected for new cancer patients between the age group of 15–30 years in semi-structured questionnaire and from the hospital records. Cancers were classified according to the Birch classification. The cases were analyzed according to the epidemiological profile, classification of cancer, and age-wise distribution using descriptive analysis. Results: In this study, out of 5221 cancer patients, TYAs accounted for 327 (6.26%) with 189 males and 138 females (M: F– 1.37:1). The maximum cases were seen in 25–30 years' age group. Carcinoma was the most common malignancy (54.74%) with an increase from 19.56% in the 15–19 years' age group to 64.82% in the 25–30-year-old patients. Conclusion: The present study gives a glimpse of the TYA cancers in the central India. More than half of the young cancer patients suffer from carcinomas with about half of these being head and neck cancers.

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