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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 171-175

Clinicopathological and molecular epidemiological study of lung cancer patients seen at a tertiary care hospital in Northern India

1 Department of Medical Oncology, Artemis Hospitals, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Medical Oncology, Max Super Speciality Hospital, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Randeep Singh
Department of Medical Oncology, Artemis Hospitals, New Delhi
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/sajc.sajc_63_17

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Aims: The primary objective of this study was to estimate the clinicopathological and molecular profile of lung cancer patients along with the evaluation of their clinical characteristics at a tertiary care hospital in Northern India. Subjects and Methods: A total of 421 patients with lung cancer histology who were treated at Max Super Speciality Hospitals were included in the study. The study protocol conforms to the ethical guidelines of the 1975 Declaration of Helsinki and permission was obtained from the Ethics Committee before the start of the study. Clinical characteristics and molecular profiling data were collected from the patient's medical records. Results: There were 330 (78.4%) men and 91 (21.6%) women with a median age of 62 years (range: 30–93 years). Of the 421 patients, 388 (92.2%) patients had the nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) histology whereas 33 (7.8%) patients were of SCLC histology. Histology and gender had a significant association with NSCLC and SCLC (P < 0.05). Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and echinoderm microtubule-associated protein like 4-anaplastic lymphoma kinase (EML4-ALK) fusion gene testing was done in 120 and 93 patients, respectively. Of the 120 patients, 24 (20%) cases were positive for EGFR mutations whereas EML4-ALK fusion gene was present in 8 (8.6%) out of 93 patients. Conclusions: Our study confirms the importance of molecular testing in the NSCLC patient subgroup with an aim to identify the exact molecular targets that can benefit from the newer generation of targeted therapies.

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