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LETTER TO THE EDITOR
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 89

Scoring criteria for the evaluation of micronuclei in oral exfoliated cells


1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Christian Dental College, CMC, Ludhiana, Punjab, India
2 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Bapuji Dental College and Hospital, Davangere, Karnataka, India

Date of Web Publication22-Jun-2017

Correspondence Address:
Sonal Grover
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Christian Dental College, CMC, Ludhiana, Punjab
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2278-330X.208842

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How to cite this article:
Grover S, Mujib B R. Scoring criteria for the evaluation of micronuclei in oral exfoliated cells. South Asian J Cancer 2017;6:89

How to cite this URL:
Grover S, Mujib B R. Scoring criteria for the evaluation of micronuclei in oral exfoliated cells. South Asian J Cancer [serial online] 2017 [cited 2017 Dec 17];6:89. Available from: http://journal.sajc.org/text.asp?2017/6/2/89/208842

Dear Editor,

With reference to the article titled, “An in vivo cytogenetic analysis of human oral squamous cell carcinoma”[1] published in your esteemed journal, I would like to bring into notice a few important points regarding the scoring criteria used for the evaluation of micronuclei.

The criteria used for the evaluation of micronuclei in the above-mentioned study are as follows:[2]

  • The diameter of micronucleus (MN) in human lymphocytes usually varies between 1/16 and 1/3 of the mean diameter of the main nuclei which corresponds to 1/256 and 1/9 of the area of one of the main nuclei in a BN cell, respectively
  • MN is round or oval
  • MN is nonrefractile and it can, therefore, be readily distinguished from artifacts such as staining particles
  • MN is not linked or connected to the main nuclei
  • MN may touch but will not overlap the main nuclei, and the micronuclear boundary should be distinguishable from the nuclear boundary
  • MN usually has the same staining intensity as the main nuclei but occasionally staining may be more intense.


First of all, the above-said criteria are for the evaluation of micronuclei in lymphocytes and not exfoliated oral cells (as in the given study, micronuclei were evaluated in exfoliated oral cells). Second, the micronuclei showed in the images provided do not comply by the criteria used (micronuclei shown in the image are refractile and overlapping). The most accepted criterion [3] for the evaluation of micronuclei in oral exfoliated cells is as follows:

  1. Rounded smooth perimeter suggestive of a membrane
  2. Less than one-third of the diameter of the associated nucleus, but large enough to discern the shape and color
  3. Staining intensity similar to that of the nucleus
  4. Texture similar to that of the nucleus
  5. Same focal plane as the nucleus
  6. Absence of overlap with, or bridge to, the nucleus.


Since there is a considerable similarity between the two criteria, using the former criterion is technically not wrong, provided it is fulfilled completely.

To conclude, I request the authors to go through their images again and make sure they are compatible with the criterion used. The purpose of this letter is not to highlight an error rather to focus on the appropriate criterion to be used for future studies. Such parameters play a vital role in establishing the validity of the study.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

 
  References Top

1.
Mohanta A, Mohanty PK, Parida G. An in vivo cytogenetic analysis of human oral squamous cell carcinoma. South Asian J Cancer 2015;4:123-6.  Back to cited text no. 1
[PUBMED]  [Full text]  
2.
Fenech M, Chang WP, Kirsch-Volders M, Holland N, Bonassi S, Zeiger E; HUman MicronNucleus project. HUMN project: Detailed description of the scoring criteria for the cytokinesis-block micronucleus assay using isolated human lymphocyte cultures. Mutat Res 2003;534:65-75.  Back to cited text no. 2
[PUBMED]    
3.
Holland N, Bolognesi C, Kirsch-Volders M, Bonassi S, Zeiger E, Knasmueller S, et al. The micronucleus assay in human buccal cells as a tool for biomonitoring DNA damage: The HUMN project perspective on current status and knowledge gaps. Mutat Res 2008;659:93-108.  Back to cited text no. 3
[PUBMED]    




 

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